Landing technique explained

Are you having some troubles in performing good and soft landing? Or, maybe, you just want to know more about real life landing techniques for General Aviation and Liners. Well… This is for you!

Today I would like to share with you a little secret about landings that is used in real life both in General Aviation and in Airlines Operations to perform a good and stable landing.

Don’t worry, it’s not difficult to perform a good landing if you know some basic facts about it, that I personally discovered only during my real life training.

Let’s start from a little bit of theory. A landing is composed mainly of two phases: the final approach and the flare. During the final approach the aircraft is already configured in your selected flap configuration and you are at the relative approach speed. When you are very low on the runway, let’s say 20 feet or so, you will set the throttle to idle and gently set the attitude of the aircraft to the relative one for the flap configuration preferred to perform the flare.

This is how a landing is composed, but how to maintain a stable approach at the correct speed and at the correct decent rate?

Here it comes the little trick. During the final approach, after flap configuration is set, you will have to change the way you fly the aircraft so that now the attitude (so the yoke or stick) controls the speed and the throttle controls the decent rate. Let’s do an example: we are approaching the runway with a light aircraft with flap configuration t/o (15°). The approach speed for this configuration is 60kts and we are at 500ft. We’ll hold the speed by correcting the attitude (pushing or pulling the yoke) and set a stable decent rate with the throttle. If we need to increase the decent rate we’ll reduce the power and change the attitude (little and gently push of the yoke) to maintain 60kts. If we want to decrease the decent rate we need to set some more power and change the attitude to keep 60kts by gently pulling the yoke.

That’s it! Easy, don’t you think so? I’ve explained this technique with a light aircraft example, but it’s exactly the same (with relative attitudes and speeds) for bigger ones, including liners.

Why don’t you try in the simulator? Of course this is not everything you need to know to perform a landing, there are wind correction techniques and more that you should know, but this is the first step that can help you!

 

Although this comes from real life training, this article is NOT INTENDED for real life training but only for flight simulation.

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